Optimizing Policy to Accelerate Access in Ethiopia
The Ethiopian government has set a goal of 100% electricity access through both on and off grid solutions by 2025. This collaboration between the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) and Duke University will uncover the impacts and drivers of the policies that the Government of Ethiopia has put in place to reach that goal.
Ethiopia is also considering complementary policy measures to encourage households and enterprises to engage in energy efficiency and conservation activities. Informational market failures have been identified as one of the main reasons why firms and households do not adopt profitable technologies in general, and energy-saving technologies in particular. The project therefore plans to investigate whether energy audits encourage conservation practices and enhance the productive use of electricity by commercial enterprises in Ethiopia. The energy audit program works by providing information on the quantity of electricity consumed, and offering suggestions for ways to conserve electricity.
The work also includes an experimental side-study on the impacts of smart meters and energy audits on commercial electricity demand, and the effect of prepaid metering on the electricity consumption of households.