Research Scientist, Sanford School of Public Policy

Rafia Zaman

  • Rafia Zaman
    Rafia Zaman
    Research Scientist, Sanford School of Public Policy

Research Scientist, Sanford School of Public Policy


Rafia is an interdisciplinary researcher who works on off-grid solar electricity access policies. Her analyses consider market development, institutional governance, local politics, and distributional impacts associated with off-grid investments in low-income contexts. She primarily uses quantitative approaches, drawing from methods used in development economics, spatial statistics, and in the engineering sciences. At Duke, she conducts experimental and quasi-experimental research on themes related to energy development and inequality, including evaluation of clean cooking promotion policies, energy safety net programs and the political economy of energy, and (micro-)financing impacts on technology diffusion/adaptation and rural resilience. Rafia holds a PhD (in Sustainability and Innovation Management) from the University of Graz (FWF – DK Climate Change) in Austria and an MBA from the Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand.

Recent publications

Peer-Reviewed Articles:

Zaman, R., Das, D.K., van Vliet, O. and Posch, A. (2021) Distributional inequality in market-based solar home system programs: Evidence from rural Bangladesh, Energy Economics, 103:105523.

Zaman, R. and Borsky, S. (2021) The impact of supply structure on solar home system installations in rural off-grid areas, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 40: 625-644.

Zaman, R., van Vliet, O. and Posch, A. (2021) Energy access and pandemic-resilient livelihoods: The role of solar energy safety nets, Energy Research & Social Science, 71: 101805.

Brudermann, T., Zaman, R. and Posch, A. (2019) Not in my hiking trail? Acceptance of wind farms in the Austrian Alps, Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 21(8): 1603–1616.

Zaman, R. and Brudermann, T. (2018) Energy governance in the context of energy service security: A qualitative assessment of the electricity system in Bangladesh, Applied Energy, 223: 443–456.

Zaman, R., Brudermann, T., Kumar, S. and Islam, N. (2018) A multi-criteria analysis of coal-based power generation in Bangladesh, Energy Policy, 116: 182–192.

Sangkakool, T., Techato, K., Zaman, R. and Brudermann, T. (2018) Prospects of green roofs in urban Thailand – A multi-criteria decision analysis, Journal of Cleaner Production, 196:400–410.


Working Paper(s):

Zaman, R. (2022) Distributive favouritism of local political representations in rural areas: Evidence from a solar energy safety net program. (Unpublished manuscript)


Research letters and conference proceedings:

Tabara, J. D., Lieu, J., Zaman, R., Ismail, C. and Takama, T. (2021) On the discovery and enactment of positive socio-ecological tipping points: insights from energy systems interventions in Bangladesh and Indonesia, Sustainability Science, 1-7.

Zaman, R., Hofer, C. and Brudermann, T. (2018) One step ahead, two steps backwards: Energy transitions and coal in developing countries, In International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development (ICUE), IEEE.

Zaman, R. and Brudermann, T. (2017) Energy governance in resource-poor settings: The case of Bangladesh, Energy Procedia, 142: 2384–2390.



Coal Power Generation In Developing Countries: A Bangladesh Case Study | Science Trends

DOI: 10.31988/SciTrends.18443

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